Sermon Bible Study Guides

in Jonah

Jonah 3 - 7th August 2022

OBSERVATION
What does it say?

  1. Read Jonah chapter 3.
  2. Do you notice any repeated words or ideas in these chapters?
  3. How are verses 1 and 2 similar or different than chapter 1 verses 1 and 2?
  4. How did the people of Ninevah respond to Jonah's message?
  5. How did the Lord respond to the people of Ninevah in verse 10?

INTERPRETATION
What does it mean?

  1. What do you think is the significance of putting on sackcloth?
  2. Compare Jonah's response to God's word in chapter 1 to Ninevah's response here in chapter 3.
    1. Did Ninevah need extra convincing to repent? Did they need a supernatural event to change their mind?
    2. What does this tell you about Jonah or about the Ninevites?
  3. What does it mean to "turn" from evil?
  4. When God saw their repentance, he relented from the disaster that he had declared would happen.
    1. Do you find this surprising? Why or why not?
    2. What does this say about God?
    3. Numbers 23:19 says that "God is not man that He should change His mind..." Do we see God changing his mind here?
    4. In a similar way, God tells us today that we deserve punishment for our sin (Rom. 6:23). But when we respond to Jesus by trusting in him and turning from our sin, then we have forgiveness and eternal life (Eph. 2:8-9, 1 John 5:13). God relents when we repent and believe in Jesus.

APPLICATION
How should it change us?

  1. Jonah misses out on celebrating Ninevah's repentance because he was so committed to his own idea of justice.
    1. Have you ever held a grudge against somebody?
    2. Do you currently have any resentment towards someone else?
    3. How might that resentment be stealing your joy?
    4. We've been forgiven in Christ for much more than we could ever understand. How does Christ's forgiveness motivate you to forgive and show mercy to others?
  2. When you notice your own sin, does it ever make you grieve?
    1. Ninevah was so grieved by their evil and the punishment from God that they deserved for it, they grieved and fasted.
    2. How can we grow in seeing our sin the way that God sees it--as an offense against Him?
    3. The first step in grieving your sin is identifying it. How can you grow in seeing the sin in your own life?
  3. Pray in light of this passage and about any applications you have made
  4. Sing His Mercy is More to God and to one another.
Posted by Karson Merkel with
in Jonah

Jonah 2 - 31th July 2022

OBSERVATION
What does it say?

  1. Read Jonah chapter 2.
  2. Do you notice any repeated words or ideas in these chapters?
  3. How are verses 1 and 10 different from the rest of the chapter?
  4. What words does Jonah use to describe the water?
  5. Besides Jonah, who else is mentioned in these verses?

INTERPRETATION
What does it mean?

  1. How would you describe Jonah's journey downward?
    1. What sort of distress did Jonah experience? (physical?, emotional?, etc.)
  2. What does it mean to "cry out" to the Lord?
    1. Is this something that people still do today?
    2. What tends to cause people to cry out to God?
    3. Does God always hear our prayers?
  3. In the different phrases and descriptions of this chapter, how do you see God in control?
  4. Based on verses 7-9, what do you think Jonah learns from everything that's happened to him?
    1. Is anything missing from Jonah's prayer?
    2. What could Jonah add to his prayer to show that he's truly been changed by God's grace?
  5. Read Matthew 12:38-41
    1. What is "the sign of Jonah"?
    2. What did the 3 days and 3 nights in the belly of the fish accomplish for Jonah?
    3. How is this similar to what Jesus accomplished through his death, burial, and resurrection?

APPLICATION
How should it change us?

  1. Think about some hard times that you've experienced in your life.
    1. How has God taught you by allowing those hard times?
    2. How does that change how you can think about hard times in the future?
  2. It can be easy to look at Jonah's disobedience and ability to rationalize his rebellion, but perhaps we're not so different from Jonah.
    1. How can you be tempted to do the same things?
    2. How can we grow in our understanding of our own sin?
    3. Think of one sin from this last week that you can confess to God and to others.
  3. Pray in light of this passage and about any applications you have made
  4. Sing Salvation Belongs to Our God to God and to one another.

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