Sermon Bible Study Guides

in Luke

Luke 28:9-14 - 31th December 2021

OBSERVATION
What does it say?

  1. Read Luke 18:9-14.
  2. Who is this parable addressed to? (v. 9)
  3. What is the context of this parable? (What are the themes of the surrounding verses?)
  4. Who are the people mentioned in this passage?
  5. In what ways are the Pharisee and Tax Collector similar?
    1. How are they different?
  6. What is the Tax-Collector's reward?

INTERPRETATION
What does it mean?

  1. What do you know about Pharisees?
    1. Read Matthew 23:1-7 for another analysis of Pharisees.
    2. What about Tax Collectors? (Matthew 9:9-11)
  2. What is wrong with the Pharisee's prayer?
    1. How did God view this prayer?
  3. If the Pharisee is not justified by his fasting, giving, or abstaining from certain sins, what does it say about those deeds? Should people instead not fast? Should they not give?
  4. How does the story of the Pharisee and Tax Collector connect to the second part of verse 14: "For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted."?

APPLICATION
How should it change us?

  1. The surprising part of this parable is that even though the Pharisee is the "righteous" man, it s the Tax Collector who walks away justified.
    1. What are some good works of our day (i.e. church attendance)?
    2. Why can't these things make us justified?
    3. What does this parable tell us about the good news of Jesus?
  2. In what areas of life do you "have confidence in yourself"?
    1. Is this good or bad in light of this parable?
    2. How can you grow in righteousness without becoming self-righteous?
  3. Sing Come Ye Sinners to God and to one another.