Sermon Bible Study Guides

in John

John 4:1-42 - 10th April 2022

OBSERVATION
What does it say?

  1. Read John 4:1-42
  2. Do you see any repeated words or ideas?
  3. What are the locations mentioned in this passage?
  4. What was Jesus' physical condition in verse 6?
  5. Why does the author say that the woman was surprised Jesus was talking to her? (John 4:9)
  6. What titles (or names) are given to Jesus in these verses?

INTERPRETATION
What does it mean?

  1. Samaritans were hated by the Jews because long before in their history, some Jews intermarried with Gentiles (non-Jews). This group of half-Jews became known as Samaritans. They wanted full rights to the temple and claimed the same God, but the ‘pure-bred’ Jews despised them.
    1. What other prejudices did Jesus have to overcome in order to help this woman?
    2. What do you think compelled Jesus to speak with her?
  2. What is special about the water that Jesus offers this woman?
    1. Read Jeremiah 2:13 and John 7:37-39.
    2. Do these passages help you understand what Jesus means by "living water"? How so?
  3. The woman changes the subject in verse 19 to ask about where people ought to worship 
    1. Why do you think she asks this question?
    2. What do you think it means to “worship the Father in Spirit and Truth”?
    3. When will that time come?
  4. Jesus makes another analogy in verses 34-38. 
    1. What does it mean that doing Gods will is like food for Jesus?
    2. What do you think it mean to “reap” or “labor”?

APPLICATION
How should it change us?

  1. Thinking about Jeremiah 2:13 and the "broken cisterns" or "empty wells" that it talks about.
    1. What are some ways that people today try to fill the emptiness in their lives? 
    2. How can Jesus’ “Living Water” satisfy some (or all) of these needs?
    3. Confess with someone one way that you’ve failed to seek Jesus for “living water” this week, and then pray together.
  2. Just like Jesus, we get weary from different things in our lives (v. 6). 
    1. In the past, how have you seen God sustain you through your tiredness or through weary seasons of life?
    2. What could it look like to make his will & work your “food”?
    3. Why is this kind of work worth it?
  3. Pray in light of this passage and about any applications you have made
  4. Sing What a Friend We Have in Jesus to God and to one another.
Some questions are adapted from InterVarsity Bible study, Jesus Satisfies.
in John

John 3:1-15 - 20th March 2022

OBSERVATION
What does it say?

  1. Read John 3:1-15
  2. What is the setting of this event?
  3. Who are the characters involved?
  4. What words do you see repeated in these verses?
  5. How would you summarize Nicodemus's questions? What is it that he wants to know from Jesus?
  6. What comparisons/contrasts do you see in Jesus' answers? (e.g. Spirit is compared with wind)

INTERPRETATION
What does it mean?

  1. Why do you think that Nicodemus went to meet with Jesus at night?
    1. Do you think that Nicodemus was one of the people from John 2:23-25, who only believed in Jesus because of his signs?
    2. Why or why not?
  2. What do you think Jesus means when he says, "You must be born again"?
    1. What is the connection between being "born again" and the "wind" that Jesus talks about?
    2. What is the connection of being born again with entering the Kingdom of God?
  3. Read Numbers 21:4-9
    1. Why did serpents come among the people and bite them?
    2. What did God say would happen when the people see the serpent that Moses lifted up? Do those words come true?
    3. How does this help us to understand what Jesus is saying in John 3:15?
  4. In verse 10, Jesus implies that Nicodemus should have understood something. Was there anything from the Old Testament that Nicodemus should have known?
    1. Where should Nicodemus go to find knowledge of heavenly things?
    2. Is there any evidence here of how Nicodemus responds to Jesus?
    3. Read John 19:38-40. Does this show faith or repentance in Christ?

APPLICATION
How should it change us?

  1. According to this passage, what must a righteous person do to enter the kingdom of God?
    1. What about an unrighteous person?
    2. Read 2 Corinthians 5:17 and discuss the connections to John 3.
  2. Does the story of Jesus and Nicodemus have any relevance to your life? Have you been "born again"?
    1. If so, praise God. Remember that it was His work alone that saved you.
    2. If not, why not? Is there something holding you back from turning from your sin and trusting in Christ?
  3. Are there other things in your life that you are trusting in to get you into the Kingdom of God? (certain good works? church attendance? comparison with other people? etc.)
    1. Confess those things to God and trust in His grace alone.
  4. Pray in light of this passage and about any applications you have made
  5. Sing There is a Fountain Filled With Blood

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